Last Updated on Tuesday, 12 July 2016 Written by Eric Paulsen

Glossary of Computer Terms

 


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  1. Active Window - The window that is on top of all others on the Macintosh desktop. Highlighted with solid lines in the title bar.
  2. Address - A specific site (www, ftp, gopher) or "mailbox" (e-mail) on the Internet, often the mailbox of a particular user. If referring to e-mail, an address will usually contain the "at" sign: @. An address is often rendered in lower case. Example: .
  3. Alert Box - A box that appears on the screen to give a warning or other message.
  4. ANSI - It stands for American National Standards Institute. This is the place that sets standards for data communications, like the Internet.
  5. Analog - This is data in the form of a continuous flow. A record or a tape is analog. Digital on the other hand is in pieces, or samples. More to come on that.
  6. Applet - A computer program written in Java. Applets are similar to applications, but they do not run as stand-alone programs. Instead, applets adhere to a set of conventions that let them run within a Java-compatible browser. See also Java and Java Script.
  7. Application Program - A program that you use to do your work on the computer such as word processing, database, spreadsheet, etc.
  8. Archie - A tool (software) for finding files stored on anonymous FTP sites. You need to know the exact file name or a substring of it.
  9. ASCII - It stands for American Standard Code Information Exchange. This is text. It's all those things you see on your keyboard. However, it is standardized text so data transfer is allowed between systems. It works by representing letters and characters through a seven digit code of one's and zero's. An example would be that "Joe" might look like this to the computer: 0011010,0111100,01010011.
  10. Asynchronous - Transferring data with the help of start and stop bits that indicate the beginning and end of each character being sent.

  1. Backbone - A high-speed line or series of connections that forms a major pathway within a network. The term is relative as a backbone in a small network will likely be much smaller than many non-backbone lines in a large network.
  2. Back Up - To make a copy of a disk or of a file on a disk.
  3. Bandwidth - How much stuff you can send through a connection. Usually measured in GB-per-second.
  4. Beta Version - A test-release version of a program which has been fairly well debugged and tested (compared to the alpha version), but is not yet considered complete, because of missing features, and so on.
  5. Binary - This is a basic system of numbering using ones and zeros.
  6. Bps - (Bits-Per-Second) -- A measurement of how fast data is moved from one place to another. A 28.8 modem can move 28,800 bits per second.
  7. Broadband - High-speed transmission. The term is commonly used to refer to communications lines or services at T1 rates (1.544 Mbps) and above.
  8. Browser - A client program (software) that is used to looking at various kinds of Internet resources.
  9. Button - An image on the screen sometimes resembling a push button, that you click to designate, confirm, or cancel an action.
  10. Byte - A unit of data equal to 8 bits, and hence capable of storing any one of 2^8 = 256 distinct values. The yardstick by which file size is measured.

  1. Cache - This is a memory section that holds data while the CPU (central processing unit) or brain, is working on it. Go to your Netscape directory - you'll see a cache full of files marked ".moz". Those are "mozilla" files. That's what Netscape calls pages after they display and save them.
  2. CD-R - (CD-Recordable) A recordable CD-ROM technology using a disc that can be written only once.
  3. CD-RW - (CD-ReWritable) A rewritable CD-ROM technology. CD-RW drives can also be used to write CD-R discs, and they can read CD-ROMs. But, CD-RW disks have a lower reflectivity than CD-ROMs and CD-Rs, and newer MultiRead CD-ROM drives are required to read them. Initially known as CD-E (for CD-Erasable), a CD-RW disk can be rewritten a thousand times.
  4. Central Processor Unit (CPU) - The "brain" of the computer; its the microprocessor that performs the actual computations.
  5. Chip - See integrated circuit
  6. CGI - (Common Gateway Interface) -- A set of rules that describe how a Web Server communicates with another piece of software on the same machine, and how the other piece of software (the “CGI program”) talks to the web server. Any piece of software can be a CGI program if it handles input and output according to the CGI standard.
  7. Clear - A command in the Edit menu that removes selected material without placing it on the Clipboard. You can use the Undo command immediately after using Clear if you change your mind.
  8. Click - To position the pointer on an object on the screen, and then to press and quickly release the mouse button.
  9. Client - A computer attached to an Internet server.
  10. Clip Art - Graphic images that have been drawn previously and are assembled for the purpose of cutting and pasting into other documents.
  11. Clipboard - An area in the computer's memory that functions as a holding place for what you last cut or copied. Information on the clipboard can be pasted into different documents.
  12. Columns - In a spreadsheet, the vertical arrangement of cells identified by a letter designation at the top. In a word processing document, the vertical arrangement of text.
  13. Command - An instruction that causes the computer to perform some action.
  14. Command-Keys - The combination of the command key and another key from the keyboard to accomplish a particular task.
  15. Components - See hardware
  16. Compression - Large files often contain enough redundancy that clever algorithms (such as the UNIX utility compress) can encode the same data in a form that uses up less memory and can be transmitted more quickly.
  17. Content - The sum of the text, pictures, sound, data, or other information presented by a Web site.
  18. Copy - A command in the edit menu that copies selected material and places it on the clipboard, without removing the material from the original document.
  19. CPU - Stands for Central Processing Unit. This is the brain of your computer. It is made up of two parts: The Arithmetic Logic Unit (this does all the processing) and the Control Unit (this makes sure every part of the computer is working together to present the information).
  20. Cursor - See pointer
  21. Cut - A command in the edit menu that removes selected material and places it on the clipboard, removing the material from the original document.
  22. Cyberspace - Term originated by author William Gibson in his novel Neuromancer the word Cyberspace is currently used to describe the whole range of information resources available through computer networks.

  1. Data - Anything that is recorded or used for processing. The stuff that transfers between computers needed a name - Data seemed good.
  2. Data Rate - Speed that information moves from one item to another. This is usually in the form of bits.
  3. Database - A collection of information; also, software you use to collect, organize, and search for information.
  4. Decompression - Data decompression is used to restore compressed data to its original form.
  5. Delete - The key used to remove text. Works backward from the cursor. Also used to clear selected text or objects.
  6. Desktop - Your working environment on the computer (the menu bar and the background area on the screen), on which you work with icons and windows.
  7. Dialog Box - A box that contains a message, often requesting more information from you or allowing you to select options.
  8. Digital - Your CD player is digital. It is a series of small samples of data playing together very quickly (30,000 times a second). Digital recording of information means representing the bits of data through ones and zeros. Playing the bits back to again create what was recorded is called digital processing.
  9. Dimmed - Gray or filled in with a pattern of dots, indicating that an icon is already open or a menu, menu item, or other option is not available.
  10. Disk - A flat, circular object with a magnetic surface that computers use to store files (documents and applications).
  11. Disk Drive - The device that holds a disk, retrieves information from it, and stores information on it.
  12. DNS - This stands for Domain Name System. The Internet runs by assigning different sites "Names". They are actually 4-part strains of numbers associated with names, but names none the less. Getting a DNS error means that the address you are attempting to reach is not recognized by the Internet community.
  13. Document - Whatever you create with an application program.
  14. Domain Name - The unique name that identifies an Internet site. Domain Names always have 2 or more parts, separated by dots. The part on the left is the most specific, and the part on the right is the most general. A given machine may have more than one Domain Name but a given Domain Name points to only one machine. Usually, all of the machines on a given Network will have the same thing as the right-hand portion of their Domain Names.
  15. Double-Click - To position the pointer on an object, such as an icon, and then to press and release the mouse button twice in quick succession without moving the mouse.
  16. Download - To copy a file from a remote machine, for example with anonymous ftp.
  17. Drag - To position the pointer on an object, press and hold the mouse button, move the mouse, and release the mouse button.
  18. Draw - An application environment designed for accurate or precise drawings. User creates objects in this environment.
  19. Driver - A (usually small) program that controls a piece of hardware, such as a printer, modem, speaker, terminal, etc.

  1. E-mail - (Electronic Mail) - Messages, usually text, sent from one person to another via computer. E-mail can also be sent automatically to a large number of addresses (Mailing List).
  2. Eject - To remove a disk from a disk drive.
  3. Encryption - This is any one of many methods to transfer a file into a hard to crack code. It is often done by scrambling or by letter to letter replacement.
  4. Engine - As in "Search Engine." This is the working part of a data base or application.
  5. Ethernet - A very common method of networking computers in a LAN. Ethernet will handle about 10,000,000 bits-per-second and can be used with almost any kind of computer.
  6. Extension - Filenames often end with a period followed by additional characters known as the file extension. An extension is generally a standard abbreviation for a type of file. For example, .txt is often used for ASCII files, and .ps for Postscript files.

  1. FAQ - (Frequently Asked Questions) - FAQs are documents that list and answer the most common questions on a particular subject. There are hundreds of FAQs on subjects as diverse as Pet Grooming and Cryptography. FAQs are usually written by people who have tired of answering the same question over and over.
  2. Fiber-Optic - This is a new style of cable being used for very high speed data transmission. It works by pushing (modulating) a light wave across cable. The data is carried along with the light.
  3. Field - In a database record, an element that holds a category of information.
  4. File - Any named, ordered collection of information stored on a disk.
  5. File Sharing - This is the most important feature of the Internet. This is a method of allowing one server to give the same file to many different end users.
  6. Find - A database feature used to search for records that match search criteria in certain fields.
  7. Finder - Part of the system software, the finder is the program that creates the Macintosh desktop and keeps track of your files.
  8. Firewall - In the context of computer security, a method of partially or totally blocking access (from machines not on the LAN) or of filtering/monitoring incoming packets.
  9. Flame - In UseNet, a sharp retort, criticism, or insult. (According to Que, from the aeronautical term ``flame out,'' to either have your engines quit or your plane catch fire. Perhaps also from the slang ``to get burned.'')
  10. Floppy Disk - A disk made of flexible plastic that stores computer data. The 3.5-inch disk used in Macintosh floppy disk drives are floppy disks housed in rigid plastic shells for support and protection. Floppy disks come in four types: high-density (1.4MB capacity, 3.5"), double-sided (800 K capacity, 3.5"), single sided (400 K capacity, 3.5"), and 5.25" single or double sided.
  11. Folder - A container for documents, applications, or other folders on the desktop or in the directory windows.
  12. Font - A collection of letters, numbers, and symbols in a distinctive typographic design.
  13. Footer - A page element that repeats at the bottom of every page in a document.
  14. Frame - Graphic objects that can contain text, paintings, or spreadsheets. Frames give you access to tools from other ClarisWorks application environments.
  15. Freeware - This a shortened version of Free Software. Programmers offer their work without wanting pay in return.
  16. FTP - (File Transfer Protocol) - A very common method of moving files between two Internet sites. FTP is a special way to login to another Internet site for the purposes of retrieving and/or sending files. There are many Internet sites that have established publicly accessible repositories of material that can be obtained using FTP, by logging in using the account name "anonymous", thus these sites are called anonymous ftp servers.

  1. Gateway - A machine that is connected directly to the Internet backbone, also called an IP router. The connection is over a ``dedicated'' communications line capable of high-speed transfers and the machine must remain online at all times. A gateway is often the connection point between a LAN and the Internet.
  2. GIF - Pronounced "jif." Stands for Graphical Interchange Format. It is an image format created by CompuServe.
  3. Gigabyte - (GB) It's about a billion bytes. Actually it's 2 to the 30th power or 1,073,741,824.
  4. Gopher - One of the first commonly used interfaces for the Internet with a format structure and resource for providing information. It was created at the University of Minnesota who's mascot is the gopher.
  5. Guest - When you connect to or log onto a remote computer on which you do not have your own account, (perhaps using a special account for guests) you are referred to as a guest or visitor. The other computer is the host.

  1. Hard Disk - A disk made of metal and permanently sealed in a disk drive or cartridge. A hard disk can hold much more information than a floppy disk, and a hard disk spins much faster.
  2. Hardware - Any one of the electronic devices that make up the computer system.
  3. Header - A page element that repeats at the top of every page in a document.
  4. Highlighted - Visually distinct, usually because the colors are reversed.
  5. Home Page - An HTML document associated with an individual or organization that contains text, pictures, sounds, and links to other sites that appear as underlined words or phrases. Clicking on these underlined words opens a network connection to another HTML document, which could be anywhere on the Internet, or spawns an application on the host computer.
  6. Hotlist - List of URLs saved within the Mosaic Web browser. (Bookmark in Netscape.)
  7. HTML - (HyperText Markup Language) - The coding language used to create Hypertext documents for use on the World Wide Web. HTML looks a lot like old-fashioned typesetting code, where you surround a block of text with codes that indicate how it should appear, additionally, in HTML you can specify that a block of text, or a word, is linked to another file on the Internet. HTML files are meant to be viewed using a World Wide Web Client Program, such as Netscape or Mosaic.
  8. HTTP - (HyperText Transport Protocol) - The protocol for moving hypertext files across the Internet. Requires a HTTP client program on one end, and an HTTP server program on the other end. HTTP is the most important protocol used in the World Wide Web (WWW).
  9. Hypertext - Generally, any text that contains links to other documents - words or phrases in the document that can be chosen by a reader and which cause another document to be retrieved and displayed.

  1. I-Beam - A type of pointer shaped like the capital letter I, used for entering and editing text. See insertion point.
  2. Icon - A small pictorial representation of a file, disk, menu, option, or other object or feature.
  3. Input - Information transferred into a computer from some external source, such as the keyboard, the mouse, a disk drive, or a modem.
  4. Insertion Point - The place in a document where text you type will be added; you set it by clicking at the spot where you want to make the insertion. The insertion point is marked with a vertical blinking bar.
  5. Interface - This is any type of point where two different things come together. Most often, the term is used to describe the programs between you and your computer like Windows, OS/2 and others. What you see on the screen is the interface between you and what your computer is doing.
  6. Internet - The vast collection of inter-connected networks that all use the TCP/IP protocols and that evolved from the ARPANET of the late 60's and early 70's.
  7. Integrated Circuit (IC) - An electronic circuit entirely contained in a single piece of semi conducting material, usually silicon.
  8. IP Number - Sometimes called a dotted quad. A unique number consisting of 4 parts separated by dots, e.g.165.113.245.2. Every machine that is on the Internet has a unique IP number - if a machine does not have an IP number, it is not really on the Internet. Most machines also have one or more Domain Names that are easier for people to remember.
  9. ISDN - Stands for Integrated Services Digital Network.
  10. ISP - (Internet Service Provider) - An institution that provides access to the Internet in some form, usually for money.

  1. Java - Java is an Object Oriented Program developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems. Java is delivered over the Internet in the form of little applications or "applets" that do tricks when they download and are read by the browser.
  2. Java Script - This is a language very close to java that allows for more interaction with the viewer. It is much more forgiving than Java as doesn't require it's own window in which to work.
  3. JPEG - Pronounced "JPEG." Stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group. It's an image format that allows for compression when stored.

  1. Kernel - The machine-dependent lowest-level software that allows an OS to run. (Sometimes stored on a (e.g. BIOS) chip?)
  2. Keyboard - The device composed of keys that is used to enter data into a computer.
  3. Kilobyte - (KB) This is about a thousand bytes of space. In reality, it's two to the 10th power or 1,024 bytes.

  1. LAN - (Local Area Network) - A computer network limited to the immediate area, usually the same building or floor of a building.
  2. Layout - In a database document, a graphic representation of the way records will look when you browse or print. You can use different layouts to display, organize, and print the same information in different ways.
  3. Linked Frames -For text, two or more frames in which text flows from one frame to the next.
  4. LISTSERV - A program for the management of electronic mailing lists that (for example) allows the user to (1) join lists (or subscribe), (2) quit lists (or unsubscribe), or (3) send messages to mailing lists.
  5. Login - To attach to a computer. It has also come to represent your User ID command.
  6. Login Script - This is the small text file that is run by the server gateway to make the attachment between it and your computer.

  1. Macro - A sequence of actions you save as a single command, useful for automating repetitive tasks.
  2. Maillist - (or Mailing List) A (usually automated) system that allows people to send E-mail to one address, whereupon their message is copied and sent to all of the other subscribers to the maillist. In this way, people who have many different kinds of E-mail access can participate in discussions together.
  3. Main Logic Board - A circuit board that holds RAM, ROM, the microprocessor, custom integrated circuits, and other components that make the computer work.
  4. Mainframe - Mostly a mainframe is only a mainframe when compared to a desktop computer. It's bigger and much more powerful. Sometimes it's called a server or CPU.
  5. Megabyte - (MB) About a million bytes of space. Actually it's 2 raised to the 20th power or 1,048,576 bytes of space.
  6. Memory - A hardware component of a hardware system that can store information for later retrieval.
  7. Menu Bar - The white strip across the top of your screen that contains the names of the menus available to you.
  8. MIDI - Stands for Music Instrument Digital Interface. It allows a computer to store and replay a musical instrument's output.
  9. Modem - Short for modulator/demodulator. A device that links your computer to other computers and information services over telephone lines.
  10. Monitor - A display device that can receive video signals by direct connection.
  11. Mouse - A device that controls the pointer on the screen.
  12. MPEG - Stands for Motion Picture Experts Group. A format to make, view, and transfer both digital audio and digital video files.

  1. Netiquette - The etiquette on the Internet.
  2. Network - A collection of devices such as computers and printers that are connected together.
  3. Network Adapter - This is the hardware that allows the computers that are part of a network to communicate with each other.
  4. NFS - (Network File System) A system which allows the directories on one machine to be mounted on another machine.

  1. Object - An element that you can select by itself, resize, and move around within a document.
  2. Open - To make available. You open files or folders in order to work with them.
  3. Operating System (OS) - A program that organizes the internal activities of the computer and its peripheral devices. An operating system performs basic tasks such as moving data to and from devices and managing information and memory. (e.g. MacOS, UNIX, Linux, VMS, SunOS, Windows, and MS-DOS.)
  4. Output - Information transferred from the computer's microprocessor to some external device, such as the screen, a disk, a printer, or a modem.

  1. Packets - When data is transmitted through networks, it is often broken up into small ``packets'' (localized in time) rather than being sent as a continuous byte stream. This allows multiple transmissions to share the same line, and also facilitates error detection.
  2. Paint - An application environment designed for freehand sketches, editing color images, and other artistic uses.
  3. Palette - A small window of options you can apply to an object or image you create.
  4. Password - A code used to gain access to a locked system. Good passwords contain letters and non-letters and are not simple combinations such as virtue7. A good password might be: Hot$1-6
  5. Paste - A command in the edit menu that places the contents of the clipboard - whatever was last cut or copied - at the location of the insertion point.
  6. Peripheral Device - A piece of hardware - such as a monitor, disk drive, printer, or modem - used with a computer and under the computer's control.
  7. Pixel - Picture Element. In computer graphics, the smallest element of a display space that can be independently assigned color or intensity.
  8. Plug-in - This is a program that your browser uses to manipulate a downloaded file. It differs from a Helper Application in that the plug-in works inside the browser window.
  9. Pointer - An arrow or other symbol on the screen that moves as you move the mouse.
  10. POP - Two commonly used meanings: Point of Presence and Post Office Protocol. A Point of Presence usually means a city or location where a network can be connected to, often with dialup phone lines. So if an Internet company says they will soon have a POP in Belgrade, it means that they will soon have a local phone number in Belgrade and/or a place where leased lines can connect to their network. A second meaning, Post Office Protocol refers to the way E-mail software such as Eudora gets mail from a mail server. When you obtain a SLIP, PPP, or shell account you almost always get a POP account with it, and it is this POP account that you tell your E-mail software to use to get your mail.
  11. Port - A socket on the back panel, where you can plug in a cable to connect the computer to another peripheral device.
  12. PPP - (Point to Point Protocol) -- Most well known as a protocol that allows a computer to use a regular telephone line and a modem to make TCP/IP connections and thus be really and truly on the Internet.
  13. Printer - A peripheral device used to duplicate on paper what is on the computer.
  14. Program - A set of instructions describing actions for a computer to perform to accomplish a task. Computer programs are collectively referred to as software.
  15. Protocol - This is a series of set rules that allow items to transfer.

  1. Query - This is to make a computer request of a database.

  1. Random-Access Memory (RAM) - The part of a computer's memory available for programs and documents, also known as main memory. The contents of RAM are lost when the computer is turned off or power is interrupted.
  2. Read-Only Memory (ROM) - Memory whose contents the computer can read, but cannot change. Information is placed into ROM only once, during manufacturing.
  3. Record - In a database document, a collection of fields that contain data about a single activity, individual, subject, or transaction. Corresponds to a printed form such as an invoice.
  4. Router - A special-purpose computer (or software package) that handles the connection between 2 or more networks. Routers spend all their time looking at the destination addresses of the packets passing through them and deciding which route to send them on.
  5. Row - In a spreadsheet, the horizontal arrangement of cells identified by a number designation on the left.
  6. RTF - (Rich Text Format) A format for the binary encoding of text, but with a greater variety of possible characters than the 128 allowed in ASCII.
  7. RTFM - (Read the Fine Manual) Note that RTFM.MIT.EDU is an anonymous ftp site that maintains every FAQ you would ever want to read.

  1. Save - To store information by transferring it from main memory (RAM) to a disk.
  2. Scanner - A device that is used to scan text or a graphical image into the computer's memory.
  3. Scroll - To move a document or directory in its window so that a different part becomes visible.
  4. Select - To designate which object will receive the next action you take. Selecting is usually done by clicking or dragging.
  5. Selection - The object or objects that have been selected. A selected object is usually highlighted.
  6. Server - This is a main frame computer that serves the other computers attached to it.
  7. Shareware - This is an application that a programer makes available to users for a set amount of time and then asks for a donation. In return for the donation, a registration number is often returned that can be used to "turn on" other features of the program.
  8. Shift-Click - To click the mouse button while holding down the shift key, used to extend or shorten a selection and to select more than one item.
  9. Shortcut - A predesignated action that takes place when you use a command-key sequence or when you press a button on the shortcuts palette. See also macro.
  10. SMTP - Stands for Simple Mail Transfer Protocol.
  11. Software - Any program written for a computer.
  12. Sort - To arrange data within a database to a predetermined set of criteria.
  13. Source - The disk or folder that holds the original of a file to be copied or translated, as in source disk.
  14. Spreadsheet - A document arranged in columns and rows, usually used to work with numeric data. A spreadsheet can contain formulas that allow complex "what-if" analyses of data.
  15. Style - The way a font appears on the screen and when you print.

  1. T1 - A leased-line connection capable of carrying data at 1,544,000 bits-per-second. At maximum theoretical capacity, a T-1 line could move a megabyte in less than 10 seconds. That is still not fast enough for full-screen, full-motion video, for which you need at least 10,000,000 bits-per-second. T-1 is the fastest speed commonly used to connect networks to the Internet.
  2. TCP/IP - (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) - This is the suite of protocols that defines the Internet. Originally designed for the UNIX operating system, TCP/IP software is now available for every major kind of computer operating system. To be truly on the Internet, your computer must have TCP/IP software.
  3. Telnet - The command and program used to login from one Internet site to another. The telnet command/program gets you to the login: prompt of another host.
  4. Terabyte - (TB) It's about a trillion bytes. Actually it's 2 to the 40th power or 1,009,511,627,776 bytes.
  5. Terminal - A device that allows you to send commands to a computer somewhere else. At a minimum, this usually means a keyboard and a display screen and some simple circuitry. Usually you will use terminal software in a personal computer - the software pretends to be (emulates) a physical terminal and allows you to type commands to a computer somewhere else.
  6. Title Bar - The bar at the top of a window that shows the name of the window. When a window is active, the title bar is highlighted with horizontal lines.
  7. Trash - A icon on the desktop that you use to discard applications, documents, and folders.

  1. UNIX - A computer operating system (the basic software running on a computer, underneath things like word processors and spreadsheets). UNIX is designed to be used by many people at the same time (it is multi-user) and has TCP/IP built-in. It is the most common operating system for servers on the Internet.
  2. URL - (Uniform Resource Locator) - The standard way to give the address of any resource on the Internet that is part of the World Wide Web (WWW). A URL looks like this: http://www.matisse.net/seminars.html or telnet://well.sf.ca.us or news:new.newusers.questions etc. The most common way to use a URL is to enter into a WWW browser program, such as Netscape, or Lynx.
  3. Uuencode - (Unix-to-Unix encoding) A UNIX utility for converting binary files to ASCII for transmission via e-mail between UNIX machines. On the receiving end, uudecode is used to convert back to binary.

  1. Virus - A program designed with malicious intent to damage files.
  2. VPN - (Virtual Private Network) -- Usually refers to a network in which some of the parts are connected using the public Internet, but the data sent across the Internet is encrypted, so the entire network is "virtually" private.

  1. WAN - Stands for Wide Area Network, like the Internet.
  2. WAIS - (Wide Area Information Servers) (ways) Using keywords supplied by the user, WAIS servers search their databases for any files which contain a match. WAIS goes beyond Gopher, FTP, and Archie searches, but is somewhat similar to WebCrawler.
  3. WHOIS - A program and accompanying database maintained by the NIC for obtaining e-mail adresses and other info about other Internet users. It is meant to be a database of all Internet users, but is far from complete. A similar experimental service is Netfind. See finger.
  4. WWW - (World Wide Web) - Two meanings - First, loosely used: the whole constellation of resources that can be accessed using Gopher, FTP, HTTP, telnet, USENET, WAIS and some other tools. Second, the universe of hypertext servers (HTTP servers) which are the servers that allow text, graphics, sound files, etc. to be mixed together.
  5. Window - A rectangular area that displays information on the desktop. You create and view documents through windows, and you view the contents of disks in windows.
  6. Word Processor - An application program that allows a user to input text, edit text, customize the appearance of the fonts, and print the document.

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St. Matthew's Lutheran Church & School Mission Statement

Compelled by the love of Christ, St. Matthew’s Evangelical Lutheran Church and School seek to reach out to our families, community and world, using Law and Gospel to make disciples, growing and nurturing them in their Christian faith and life.

 
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